AJAX progress indicator
  • Acetylcholine
    Acetylcholine is a neurotransmitter found at synapses. It transfers messages from one neuron to another. - ●●●
  • Adaptive Behavior
    Adaptive behaviour means social and daily life skills that people acquire according to their age. - ●●●
  • Adrenalin
    Adrenalin is a hormone secreted by the body when it is in a ‘flight or fight’ mode. It makes the heart beat faster so that the body can respond to danger - ●●●
  • Agnosia
    When sensory processing areas of the brain are damaged, a person is unable to identify faces or objects. There are different types of agnosia such as visual agnosia, Prosopagnosia (inability to recognize faces) and Achromatopsia (loss of color) - ●●●
  • Allele
    Allele is an alternative form of a gene that is caused by mutation and is found at the same location as other alternative genes on the chromosome. Alleles can be recessive or dominant. - ●●●
  • Alzheimer's Disease
    Alzheimer's is a type of dementia.  It is a progressive disorder that gradually causes loss of memory and deterioration in cognitive skills. - ●●●
  • Alzheimer’s
    Alzheimer's is a type of dementia.  It is a progressive disorder that gradually causes loss of memory and deterioration in cognitive skills. - ●●●
  • amygdala
    Amygdala is a part of the central nervous system. The function of this almond-shaped structure is to detect fear and prepare the body in advance - ●●●
  • Amyloid
    Amyloid are pieces of insoluble protein normally produced by the body. They are typically found in tissues and organs and play a major role in certain diseases such as amyloidoses. - ●●●
  • Amyloid Plaque
    It’s a sticky buildup that clumps outside nerve cells in the brain. Amyloid is a type of protein found throughout the body. For reasons unknown, the protein divides abnormally, creating a form called beta amyloid which is harmful to neurons in the brain. - ●●●
  • Anomia
    Anomia occurs when a person is unable to identify everyday objects and people. - ●●●
  • anterior commissure
    Anterior commissure is a collection of nerve fibres that connect the left and right temporal lobes of the cerebral hemisphere - ●●●
  • Antibodies
    Antibodies are Y-shaped proteins that belong to the immune system. They identify and protect us from foreign bodies called antigens. - ●●●
  • Antipsychotic
    Antipsychotics are a class of drugs that are given to treat psychosis, including hallucinations and paranoia. Low doses of antipsychotics can also be used to treat anxiety and agitation. - ●●●
  • Apathy
    Apathy is when a person is uninterested, detached, unresponsive and dispassionate about everything. - ●●●
  • Apraxia
    Apraxia is a brain disorder that is caused by a brain tumor, dementia, or stroke. A person with Apraxia cannot perform tasks even when they are willing to do them. - ●●●
  • arachnoid
    Arachnoid is a sensitive membrane that covers the brain and spinal cord. It has a spider web-like structure, extending through the subarachnoid space where it attaches to pia mater - ●●●
  • association cortex
    Association cortex takes up all the information coming from different senses and aggregates them into one. It is responsible for learning and reasoning - ●●●
  • Autism
    Autism is a spectrum disorder that affects people at an early age. The exact reason is not known, however, both genes and enviornment are suspected to play a role in the ailment. Typical symptoms include difficulty in communicating and social interaction. - ●●●
  • Autopsy
    Autopsy is a surgical operation done on dead bodies to find out the cause of death when it occurs suddenly. The procedure is performed by a pathologist. - ●●●
  • axodendritic synapse
    Axodendritic synapse refers to the space where communication between one axon and dendrite takes place - ●●●
  • axon
    Axons are nerve fibres that carry electrical impulses from nerve cells - ●●●
  • Babbling
    When someone doesn’t make sense while talking because they are talking too fast. Babbling is often used to describe the way babies talk before they learn to speak. - ●●●
  • Basal ganglia
    Basal ganglia is cluster of nuclei found at the base of the forebrain. It is responsible for motor learning, emotions and behaviours - ●●●
  • Behavioral neurologist
    Behavioural neurologist is someone who specializes in diseases or injuries that affect the brain and consequently cause changes in a person's behaviour - ●●●
  • Beta-Amyloid
    Beta-amyloid is microscopic fragments of protein that get detached from the larger protein found in the membrane of nerve cells. These fragments clump together and cause plaques, which contributes to symptoms of Alzheimer's. - ●●●
  • Binswanger disease
    Binswanger disease or subcortical vascular dementia occurs when white brain matter suffers damage. This can happen because of multiple reasons, such as hypertension or even old age - ●●●
  • bipolar neuron
    When a neuron has two extensions, it is referred to as a bipolar neuron. These are a special form of neuron that is responsible for sensation - ●●●
  • Brain tumor
    Brain tumor occurs when abnormal cells clump together in the brain. There are two types of tumors: benign and malignant. While benign are non-cancerous, malignant spread quickly - ●●●
  • brainstem
    The brainstem overlooks the flow of message to and from the body. It is responsible for involuntary functions, such as breathing and consciousness - ●●●
  • Caregiver
    A caregiver is someone who takes care of the needs of patients. - ●●●
  • cauda equina
    Cauda equina is a cluster of spinal nerves located at the base of spinal cord - ●●●
  • caudal
    Caudal means ‘towards the tail part of the body’ — also referred to as the posterior end - ●●●
  • central nervous system
    The brain and spinal cord together form the central nervous system - ●●●
  • central sulcus
    Central sulcus creates a division between the frontal and the parietal lobe - ●●●
  • Cerebellum
    Located at the junction of spinal cord and the brain, cerebellum plays an important role in everyday activities by receiving signals from the body and regulating movement. - ●●●
  • cerebrospinal fluid
    Cerebrospinal fluid is a liquid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. Its function is to provide buoyancy and protection against injury - ●●●
  • Chaplain
    A chaplain is a spiritual person associated with an institution. The job of a chaplain is to act as a representative of the group and serve the needs of others. - ●●●
  • Choline Acetyltransferase
    Synthesized by cholinergic neurons, choline acetyltransferase is found at nerve terminals, where it catalyzes the formation of acetylcholine from acetyl coenzyme A and choline. - ●●●
  • Cholinesterase
    Cholinesterase is an enzyme that breaks down acetylcholine, a neurotranmitter that carries signals across synapses. - ●●●
  • choroid plexus
    Choroid plexus is a group of cells which secrete cerebrospinal fluid. It also separates blood from the fluid - ●●●
  • Chromosomes
    Located inside the nuclues of a cell, chromosomes are microscopic structures that carry genetic information. Human beings have 23 pairs of chromosomes, out of which two are sex chromosomes. - ●●●
  • Cognition
    Cognition refers to a process through which a person understands surroundings via senses and thought and acquires knowledge. - ●●●
  • Concussions
    Concussion is a small injury that affects the brain and causes temporary loss in brain function - ●●●
  • Conditioning
    Conditioning is a process whereby a response is associated with a stimulus - ●●●
  • cortex
    Cortex is the exterior portion of the brain that constitutes the grey matter - ●●●
  • cranial nerves
    They are 12 pairs of nerves with different functions. Some bring sensory information, while others are responsible for controlling muscles - ●●●
  • Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease
    Creutzfeldt-Jakob is a rare degenerative disease that consumes its victim within a year. It is caused by an infectious protein called 'prion' that accumulates in the brain. Its symptoms resemble dementia and include loss of mobility, problems with vision and memory. - ●●●
  • Degenerative
    Degenerative means a gradual detoriation of body functions or organs. - ●●●
  • Delirium
    Delirium is a temporary and reversible change in brain functions characterized by mental confusion and restlessness. The condition is caused by various factors such as drug abuse, medication, surgery, and infection. - ●●●
  • Delusion
    Delusion is a typical symptom of mental disorder or psychosis in which one has a strong belief that something untrue is happening. A person basically loses his ability to distinguish between reality and imagination. - ●●●
  • Dementia
    Dementia is a set of symptoms that are linked to disorders and their negative effects on the brain. Since dementia is progressive in nature, symptoms that develop will gradually become worse, causing brain cells to die. Since dementia is not a disease itself, it is linked to anything from head - ●●●
  • Dementia Caregiver
    Dementia caregiver is someone who takes care of a person with dementia. It could be quite a challenging task since dementia patients tend to ask a lot of questions due to memory loss, show aggressive behavior and have continuous mood swings. - ●●●
  • Dementia risk reduction
    Dementia risk reduction can be achieved through better vascular health, which can be achieved through positive physical and mental intervention strategies. - ●●●
  • dendrites
    Dendrites are extensions of nerve cells that receive information from other cells - ●●●
  • Depression
    A mental illness that affects how you feel and act. A person with depression may feel sad most of the time and lose interest in daily activities. Depression is treatable through medicines and psychotherapy. - ●●●
  • Deteriorating Communication
    When a person cannot communicate effectively, usually due to a neurological disorder. - ●●●
  • Disorientation
    Disorientation refers to a state where a person has no sense of her surroundings. A disoriented person is likely to suffer from illusions and hallucinations. - ●●●
  • dorsal root
    Two roots, dorsal and ventral, emerge from the spinal cord. The dorsal root has a bundle of nerves that go towards the body. - ●●●
  • dura mater
    Dura mater is one of the three layers that cover the brain and spinal cord. It is the thickest, outermost layer - ●●●
  • Dysarthria
    A condition where a person cannot control muscles used for speech. It results in slurred and strained speech that is hard to comprehend. - ●●●
  • Dyspraxia
    It is a neurological disorder that develops early in childhood. It impacts judgement, memory and motor development. - ●●●
  • Early stage
    Early stage is when something starts showing initial signs - ●●●
  • Early-onset Alzheimer’s Disease
    A rare form of Alzheimer's that affects people younger than 65. Loss of memory and vision, and difficulty completing daily tasks are some of the prominent symptoms of the disorder. - ●●●
  • Echolalia
    Echolalia refers to repetitive speech. It’s a disorder in which people try to communicate by repeating what they hear. - ●●●
  • Ecstasy
    Ecstasy is another name for a drug called MDMA, which was first developed by Merck. The drug alters the mood and gives feelings of immense pleasure and increased energy. - ●●●
  • efferent
    Efferent means to ‘carry away from something.’ Neurons that send signals to the body are known as efferent neurons - ●●●
  • Elder law attorney
    Elder Law attorneys are lawyers who specifically cater to the legal needs of the elderly and their loved ones - ●●●
  • Electrocardiogram
    Electrocardiogram is a painless procedure that tracks electric activity of the heart to check if it's functioning properly - ●●●
  • electroencephalogram
    Electroencephalogram is a process that tracks electrical activity of the brain via small electrodes - ●●●
  • Eloquent brain
    Eloquent brain refers to the part of the cortex that controls major neurological functions. Damage to this part can cause loss of linguistic ability or even paralysis - ●●●
  • Estrogen
    Estrogen is a hormone that plays an important role in the female reproduction system. It is produced by the ovaries and is responsible for the development of female sexual characteristics - ●●●
  • Euphoria
    It is a state when a person feels extremely happy and elated. - ●●●
  • Familial Alzheimer's disease
    Familial Alzheimer's disease is a genetic incurable disease that strikes at an unusually young age. A person becomes dependent on others and loses the ability to function normally - ●●●
  • fornix
    Fornix is a cluster of nerve fibers that act as a bridge between the brain and the body - ●●●
  • Frontal lobe
    Frontal lobe is the part of the brain that acts as a control panel and oversees important functions such as language, memory and problem solving skills - ●●●
  • Frontotemporal Dementia
    It is a rare type of dementia that affects frontal and temporal lobes of the brain that are responsible for behavior and personality. Affected people lose their ability to emphathise with others and act inappropriately. - ●●●
  • Gait
    Gait refers to locomotion behavior exhibited by humans and animals - ●●●
  • Gamma-Amino Butyric Acid (GABA)
    Gamma-Amino Butyric Acid (GABA) is an inhibitory neurotransmitter. It binds to a neuron and reduces excitability throughout the nervous system. - ●●●
  • ganglion
    Ganglions are lumps that are formed along tendons and ligaments. They are non-cancerous - ●●●
  • Gene
    Gene is a part of DNA and carries hereditary information - ●●●
  • Geriatrician
    Geriatricians are doctors who have expertise in diagnosing and treating ailments contracted by the elderly - ●●●
  • Glia
    Glia are cells that support and protect neurons. Unlike neurons, they don’t conduct electrical impulses. They are instead known as the ‘glue’ of the nervous system. - ●●●
  • Glucocorticoids
    Glucocorticoids are a class of steroid hormone produced by the adrenal gland in response to stress - ●●●
  • Glutamate
    Gluatamate is a neurotransmitter secreted by nerve cells. It plays an important role in learning and memory - ●●●
  • Grey Matter
    The brain has two kinds of tissue: grey matter and white matter. Grey matter has neuronal cell bodies and axons that carry messages - ●●●
  • Growth Cone
    Growth cones can be found on axons and dendrons. They are adaptive to the enviornment and change direction according to the stimuli - ●●●
  • Hallucination
    Hallucination occurs when a person feels or sees something that is only in the mind. Hallucinations are common in people with schizophrenia and can also be a consequence of drug abuse, excessive drinking or dementia. - ●●●
  • Hippocampus
    A horse shoe shaped paired structure that lies in both the right and left sides of the brain. It is responsible for storing long term memories. When damaged, a person loses the ability to form new long term memories. - ●●●
  • Homocysteine
    Homocysteine is an amino acid. When present in high levels, homocysteine is linked to cardiovascular complications, including heart disease and stroke. - ●●●
  • Huntington’s Disease
    It is a genetic brain disorder that damages certain areas of the brain. Each person has a 50% chance of inheriting this disease due to a dormant gene. Its common symptoms include loss of movement, aggressive behavior, and the inability to focus and make decisions. - ●●●
  • Hyderocephalus
    Hydrocephalus is a condition in which excess fluid accumulates in the brain. This occurs when the passageway between the third and fourth ventricles becomes blocked - ●●●
  • Hyperresponsiveness
    When your body reacts to foreign bodies in an abnormal manner. The term is usually used to describe the early stage of asthma. - ●●●
  • Hypothalamus
    Hypothalamus is the part of the brain that overlooks physiological activities such as hunger, sleep, and thirst - ●●●
  • Imagination
    Imagination refers to the process of constructing new ideas that are not present in reality - ●●●
  • Impulse Control Disorder
    Implusive control disorder is when a person cannot control their behavior and emotions. They have strong impluses to indulge in harmful behavior. Addiction and eating disorder also fall under implusive control disorder. - ●●●
  • In-home care
    When a patient is looked after at home - ●●●
  • Incontinence
    Incontinence occurs when a person loses control over her bladder. There are various types of incontinences such as stress incontinence, which occurs when muscles have been damaged. Spinal injury, or a bladder fistula may cause total incontinence, in which a person experiences frequent leaking. - ●●●
  • Korsakoff's
    Caused by the lack of vitamin B1, Korsakoff's usually occurs in alchoholics. It develops after Wernicke's encephalopathy, a brain disorder characterized by confusion, and vision problems. - ●●●
  • Lewy Body Dementia
    It occurs when abnormal deposits of proteins called Lewy bodies form in the brain. Symptoms include hallucinations and other cognitive problems. It also affects autonomic nervous system that regulates blood pressure, sweating and pulse. - ●●●
  • limbic system
    Limbic system is made up of some important structures such as the amygdala, hippocampus and thalamus. It is responsible for three core activities: emotion, memory and arousal - ●●●
  • lipid-protein
    Lipid-proteins are a type of protein that have lipid molecules attached to their membranes. These proteins are found on the surface of cells - ●●●
  • Long-term memory
    Long-term memory refers to the storage of knowledge and information, held indefinitely. In theory, its capacity is unlimited. - ●●●
  • Long-term Potentiation
    Long-term potentiation refers to the increase in strength of synapses due to high frequency stimuli - ●●●
  • Manic Depression
    It was initially referred to as bipolar disorder. People with bipolar disorder go through cycles of extreme depression. Exact causes of this ailment are not known. Sometimes genetic factors are involved. - ●●●
  • meninges
    Meninges are three layers that cover the spinal cord and the brain. These layers, along with the cerebrospinal fluid, protect the brain from injury - ●●●
  • Mental Age
    Mental age is a measure of person's mental capabilities and intelligence. It is determined through an intelligence test and can differ from the biological age. - ●●●
  • Mental Capacity Act
    Drafted in 2005, the Mental Capacity Act protects all those with mental ailments such as dementia or stroke. The Act enables patients to make decisions for themselves. Under this act, a patient can also appoint someone to make their decisions in the case they can't do it in the future. - ●●●
  • mesencephalon
    Mesencephalon is a part of the brain that is responsible for vision, arousal hearing and motor control - ●●●
  • Microglia
    Microglia act as the first form of immune defense in the central nervous system. In case of an injury, they travel to the injured site and remove damaged cells. - ●●●
  • Mild Cognitive Impairment
    It is a stage where a person goes through unwanted changes in memory, perception, learning and reasoning. Mild cognitive impairment is an initial stage and symptoms are not quite severe, however, in some cases they might lead to Alzheimer's. - ●●●
  • Mixed Dementia
    When two forms of dementia occur at the same time it is referred to as mixed dementia. For example, symptoms of Alzheimer's and vascular dementia may develop together. - ●●●
  • Mood Swings
    A sudden and unexplainable change in the way someone feels. It can be both positive and negative. - ●●●
  • Multi-infarct Dementia
    Multi-infarct dementia is an irreversible form of dementia that commonly occurs in older adults. It is caused due to strokes that disrupt blood flow to the brain, damaging brain tissue. - ●●●
  • Muscle Rigidity
    Muscle rigidity is when muscles remain contracted for an abnormal period of time and a person is not able to relax. - ●●●
  • Myelin
    Myelin is a substance made from fats. It protects the nerve cells from damage and ensures normal functioning of the nervous system - ●●●
  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder
    People afflicted with this disorder think highly of themselves. They feel a constant need to be admired and get disappointment when people don’t appreciate them. - ●●●
  • Neurodegenerative
    Neurodegenerative refers to the slow death of neurons, which causes various ailments such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease - ●●●
  • neuroglia
    Neuroglia are cells that form a support structure for the neurons and provide them with insulation - ●●●
  • Neurological
    Neurological refers to anything that is related to the brain - ●●●
  • Neurology
    Neurology is a branch of science related to the diagnosis and treatment of ailments associated with the central nervous system - ●●●
  • Neurons
    Neurons are nerve cells that send and receive information from the body to the brain - ●●●
  • Neurotransmitters
    Neurotransmitters are chemicals that act as messengers between the body and the brain - ●●●
  • node of Ranvier
    Node of Ranvier are small gaps found between axons covered with myelin sheath. They speed up the transformation of information. - ●●●
  • Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus
    Normal pressure hydrocephalus occurs when excess cerebrospinal fluid disrupts normal functioning of the brain. Its three typical symptoms include loss of bladder control, difficulty in walking and deteroriation of thinking skills. - ●●●
  • occipital lobe
    The occipital lobe is one of the four lobes in the brain. This lobe is responsible for vision and processes information received by the eyes - ●●●
  • Ombudsman
    Ombudsman is a person who deals with general public complaints regarding government officials or policies - ●●●
  • Oxidative damage
    Oxidative damage occurs when the body produces more oxygen than it can utilize; free radicals then start damaging proteins and molecules within the body - ●●●
  • paleoneuroloy
    Paleoneuroloy is the study of fossils that show the evolution of the brain - ●●●
  • Paranoia
    Paranoia is a condition in which a person becomes extremely suspicious and starts believing that they are under threat. It is often caused by some trauma, disturbed childhood, or deterioration in mental health. - ●●●
  • Parkinson's Disease
    Parkison's disease is a long term disorder that gradually affects nerve cells. These nerve cells produce dopamine, which regulates movement. Once damaged, a person experiences tremors in the limbs, and a lack of balance. - ●●●
  • pituitary gland
    The pituitary gland or ‘the master gland’ is a small structure that overlooks other hormone-producing glands - ●●●
  • Plaques & Tangles
    Plaques and tangles are prime suspects when it comes to tissue loss and neuron death among Alzheimer's patients. Plaques develop when beta-amyloid clump around nerve cells, while tangles are formed from the protein known as tau. When tangles form, strands of tau become twisted, resulting in cell - ●●●
  • Plasticity
    Plasticity is the ability of the central nervous system to adapt to the surroundings in order to adopt alternative pathways - ●●●
  • plexus
    Plexus refers to nerves that are located outside the central nervous system - ●●●
  • Posterior Cortical Atrophy
    Referred to as Ben's syndrome, posterior cortical atrophy occurs when the outer layer of the back of the brain starts to degenerate. That part is responsible for vision and once affected, a person has difficulty carrying out visual tasks. - ●●●
  • posterior fossa
    The tiny space between the cerebellum and brainstem is called posterior fossa - ●●●
  • Praxis
    Praxis means applying a skill or practicing theory. - ●●●
  • Presenilins
    They are catalytic components of gamma secretases, which is responsible for the creation of amyloid beta. - ●●●
  • Primary Progressive Aphasia
    A person with primary progressive aphasia gradually loses the ability to communicate. The syndrome is caused by a neurodegenerative disease such as Alzheimer's. - ●●●
  • Prions
    A prion is an abnormal, infectious protein that is responsible for certain neurodegenerative diseases — notably Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). - ●●●
  • Prodromal Alzheimer’s Disease
    Prodromal Alzheimer's is a stage before Alzheimer's where the memory loss process has started, but is not significant enough to be diagnosed as Alzheimer's. - ●●●
  • Progressive Supranuclear Palsy
    A rare disorder that occurs when nerve cells in the brain are damaged. The most prominent symptoms are blurry vision and loss of balance while walking. Researchers have not been able to pinpoint exact causes of this disease. - ●●●
  • Reminiscence
    Reminiscence is a process that involves the recollection of memories from past events. - ●●●
  • Respite care
    Respite care refers to a short, temporary break given to caregivers - ●●●
  • reticular formation
    Reticular formation is a collection of neurons in the brainstem that controls the sleep-wake-cycle, making you feel alert - ●●●
  • Sandwich Caring
    Sandwich caring is when the younger generation takes care of their older parents along with their own children - ●●●
  • Schwann's cells
    Schwann's cells provide support and insulation to the nervous system by producing mylien sheath - ●●●
  • Subcortical Dementia
    Usually involved in dementia damage, occurring in the cerebral cortex. Subcortical dementia is a different category in which damage occurs under the cerebral cortex. Its symptoms resemble that of Alzheimer's and include forgetfulness, depression and deterioration of mental processes. - ●●●
  • Sundowning Syndrome
    Commonly referred to as late day confusion, sundowning syndrome is a symptom of Alzheimer's. It results in confusion and restlessness during the late afternoon or early evening.  - ●●●
  • suprachiasmatic nucleus
    Suprachiasmatic nucleus is a small area in the brain that regulates circadian rhythms - ●●●
  • tectum
    Tectum is the back portion of the brainstem, situated near the rear of the cerebral aqueduct - ●●●
  • Temporal lobes
    Temporal lobes are responsible for auditory function. The auditory cortex is situated in these lobes. The cortex receive signals from ears and processes the information - ●●●
  • Thalamus
    A small structure that is located right above the brain stem. It is responsible for transporting sensory signals to the cerebral cortex - ●●●
  • Therapy
    Therapy is a process that rectify a health issue after it has been diagnosed - ●●●
  • Thyroid gland
    It is a gland found in the neck that produces hormones which control various functions of the body, including temperature, blood pressure and heart rate - ●●●
  • Tremors
    Tremors are caused by rythmic, unintended muscle movement and usually affect the hands, arms, face, voice, trunk and the legs. - ●●●
  • Tumor
    Tumor is an abnormal cluster of cells - ●●●
  • Urinalysis
    Urinalysis refers to the microscopic examination of urine to diagnose a health issue - ●●●
  • Urinary Tract Infection
    Urinary tract infection occurs when a part of the urinary tract such as the kidneys, urethra or bladder gets infected. Symptoms differ depending on the type of infection. However, common symptoms include burning sensation while urinating, cloudy urine, constant need to urinate, and pelvic pain. - ●●●
  • Vascular Cognitive Impairment
    Vascular cognitive impairment refers to the loss of thinking ability caused by diseases that block major blood vessels in the brain. - ●●●
  • Vascular Dementia
    A common type of dementia that occurs due to disruption in blood flow to the brain. Symptoms include confusion, difficulty maintaining balance, agitation and memory loss. - ●●●
  • ventricle
    A ventricle is one of the two chambers of the heart. It receives blood from the atrium and expels it towards the body - ●●●
  • viscera
    Viscera refers to all organs that are located in the inner cavities of the body, especially the abdomen cavity - ●●●
  • Visual Hallucinations
    When a person starts seeing things that are not real it is referred to visual hallucinations. They occur due to various diseases such as epilepsy, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. - ●●●
  • Vitamins
    Vitamins are chemicals produced by the body for its growth and development - ●●●
  • Wandering
    Wandering refers to movement that does not have any purpose - ●●●
  • Ward of Court
    When a person is unable to look after himself, the court takes responsibility - ●●●
  • Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome
    Wernicke and Korsakoff are two separate disorders that occur at the same time. Both are caused due to lack a of vitamin B1, which damages the brain. The syndrome is mostly common in heavy drinkers. - ●●●
  • white matter
    White matter makes up the majority of the human brain. It is made of nerve fibres that are surrounded by myelin sheath — and deteriorates with age - ●●●
  • Younger-onset
    Younger-onset is when a person contracts a disease before the age of 65 - ●●●